HomeCryptoGrayscale Bitcoin Trust: what is it and why the recent hype

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust: what is it and why the recent hype

As the demand for Bitcoin investment products continues to rise, two major players have taken center stage: Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) and BlackRock’s iShares Bitcoin Trust. 

In this guide, we explore these investment vehicles’ significance and potential impact on the crypto market. Additionally, we delve into the debate surrounding the technical classification of these trusts and the prospects of a spot Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) approval by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust’s Dominance

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust has solidified its position as a leading Bitcoin investment vehicle, attracting institutional investors seeking exposure to the digital asset. However, concerns have arisen due to GBTC shares trading at a significant discount to their net asset value (NAV), raising questions about the product’s structure and pricing dynamics.

Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) is a leading investment product offered by Grayscale Investments, allowing investors to gain exposure to Bitcoin without directly owning the cryptocurrency. As a trust, GBTC holds a significant amount of Bitcoin on behalf of its shareholders. The trust issues shares representing ownership in the underlying Bitcoin holdings, providing investors with a simplified and regulated investment vehicle. GBTC’s shares are publicly traded on over-the-counter markets, providing liquidity and accessibility to investors. 

BlackRock’s iShares Bitcoin Trust Enters the Picture

BlackRock, the world’s largest asset manager, has filed paperwork with the SEC to form a spot Bitcoin ETF under the iShares Bitcoin Trust. While technically classified as a trust, the proposed product would function similarly to an ETF, offering investors a regulated and efficient way to gain exposure to Bitcoin’s price movements.

CNCB snap | Source: Twitter

Introducing BlackRock’s iShares Bitcoin Trust can address liquidity concerns in the Bitcoin market. As the most significant asset manager globally, BlackRock’s entry would attract significant attention and drive substantial inflows into Bitcoin. This influx of new investors seeking price exposure could impact cryptocurrency exchanges, as investors may opt for the cost-effective route of ETF investment rather than utilizing exchanges for direct ownership.

The Debate Over Bitcoin’s Effective Supply

Introducing a spot Bitcoin ETF raises questions about the expansion of paper Bitcoin, which refers to derivative financial instruments representing Bitcoin rather than the actual cryptocurrency. 

The finite supply of Bitcoin contrasts with the potential for the unlimited creation of paper Bitcoin through derivatives markets. This dynamic could introduce increased speculation and affect the adequate supply of Bitcoin, potentially influencing its market price.

The SEC’s approval of a spot Bitcoin ETF remains to be determined, given their previous rejections based on concerns of market manipulation. 

However, BlackRock’s filing comes with enhanced market surveillance features, potentially positioning it as the first spot Bitcoin ETF to receive approval. The decision could have far-reaching implications for the crypto market, increasing legitimacy and attracting investors.


Grayscale Bitcoin Trust and BlackRock’s iShares Bitcoin Trust are shaping the landscape of Bitcoin investments. While Grayscale has paved the way for institutional adoption, the potential approval of BlackRock’s spot Bitcoin ETF could herald a new era for cryptocurrency investing.

As regulatory considerations and market dynamics evolve, the decisions surrounding these investment vehicles will profoundly impact the future of Bitcoin and its position within traditional finance.

Blockchain Army
Blockchain Armyhttps://bc.army/
Blockchain Army is a boutique agency in the web3 space, boasting clients as DEXTools, Trustswap, Binance and Algorand among others. From tech to marketing, from crypto to metaverse, Blockchain Army gets (sh)it done.